Blade Steel Guide

Blade Geometry

Blade Steel Guide

Metal
 
Properties

Carbon (C)

  – Increases edge retention and raises tensile strength
– Increases hardness and improves resistance to wear and abrasion
     

Chromium (Cr)

  – Increases hardness, tensile strength and toughness
– Provides resistance to wear and corrosion
     

Cobalt (Co)

  – Increases strength and hardness and permits quenching in higher temperatures
– Intensifies the individual effects of other elements in more complex steels
     

Copper (Cu)

  – Increases corrosion resistance
– Increases wear resistance
     

Manganese (Mn)

  – Increases hardenability, wear resistance and tensile strength
– De-oxidizes and de-gasifies to remove oxygen from molten metal
– In larger quantities, increases hardness and brittleness
     

Molybdenum (Mo)

  – Increases strength, hardness, hardenability, and toughness
– Improves machinability and resistance to corrosion
     

Nickel (Ni)

  – Adds strength, hardness and corrosion resistance
     

Phosphorous (P)

  – Improves strength, machinability and hardness
– Creates brittleness in high concentrations
     

Silicon (Si)

  – Increases yield strength
– Increases tensile strength
– De-oxidizes and de-gasifies to remove oxygen from molten metal
     

Sulphur (S)

  – Improves machinability when used in minute quantities
     

Tungsten (W)

  – Adds strength, toughness and hardness
     

Vanadium (V)

  – Increases strength, hardness and resistance to shock impact
– Retards grain growth

 


 

SERIES
Type
1XXX Carbon
13XX Manganese
2XXX Nickel
23XX 3.5% Nickel
25XX 5.0% Nickel
3XXX Nickel/Chrome
4XXX Molybdenum
40XX Carbon/Moly
41XX Chrome/Moly
43XX Chrome/Moly/Nickel
46/48XX Moly/Nickel
5XXX Chromium
51XX Low Chromium
52XX Medium Chromium
53XX High Chromium
6XXX Chromium/Vanadium
86/87XX Nickel/Chromium/Moly
92XX Manganese/Silicon

CODE

Type

A Air-hardening
D Die steel
F Carbon/Tungsten
H Hot work alloys
L Low alloy
M Molybdenum
O Oil hardening
P Casting steel
S Shock resistant
T Tungsten
W Water hardening
   

 


Basic Cross Reference Chart

(if you are aware of some missing Steel and/or Cross References, please contact me)
b.ollivier@home.nl

AISI/ AMS/SAE/UNS (USA)
WN (Germany)
DIN (Germany)
EN (European Union)

 

Forging Steels

OTHER

AISI

AMS

SAE

UNS

WN

DIN

EN

1065
 
 
 
1.0655
 
 
1075
 
 
 
1.0614
 
1.0614
1080
 
 
 
 
 
EN-JS1080
1084
 
 
 
1.1830
C 85 W
 
1086
 
 
 
1.0616
 
1.0616
1095
 
 
 
1.0618
 
1.0618
O-1
 
 
 
1.2510
100 MnCrW 4
95 MnWCr 5
E52100
 
52100
 
1.3505
100 Cr 6
100 Cr 6
5160
 
 
 
1.2125
65 MnCr 4
 
Stock Removal Steels

OTHER

AISI

AMS

SAE

UNS

WN

DIN

EN

D2
 
 
 
1.2379 & 1.2601
X155 CrVMo 12 1
X160 CrMoV 12 1
440C
 
 
 
1.4125
X105CrMo17
1.4125 & X 105 CrMo 17
ATS34
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
AUS8
BG42
 
5749
AMS 5749
S42700
 
 
 
CPMS30V
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CPM-440V
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
RWL-34
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CPM-54
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Click here for a more extended Cross Reference Chart
Key to Steel, another very good source, look at they Cross Reference Demo)


 

Composition 

 

Stainless Steel
Steel
Carbon
(C) %
Manganese
(Mn) %
Chromium
(Cr) %
Nickel
(Ni) %
Vanadium
(V) %
Molybdenum
(Mo)%
Tungsten
(W) %
Cobalt
(Co) %
Typical Hardness
420J2
0.15
1.0
12.00-14.00
49 – 53
420HC
0.40-0.50
0.8
12.00-14.00
0.18
0.6
49 – 53
425 Mod
0.54
0.35
13.50
1.00
60
440A
0.65-0.75
1.0
16.00-18.00
0.75
56
440B
0.75-0.95
1.00
16.00-18.00
0.75
56
440C
0.95 – 1.20
1.0
16.00-18.00
0.75
58
440XH
1.60
0.50
16.00
0.35
0.45
0.80
AUS-6
0.55-0.65
1.0
13.00-14.50
0.49
0.10-0.25
56
AUS-8
0.70-0.75
0.5
13.00-14.50
0.49
0.10 – 0.26
0.10 – 0.30
56
AUS-10
0.95-1.10
0.50
13.00-14.50
0.49
0.10-0.27
0.10-0.31
GIN-1
0.90
0.60
15.50
0.30
58
Sandvic 12C27
0.60
0.40
13.5
54
Sandvic 12C27 Mod
0.52
.60
14.50
Sandvik 120C
0.58
0.35
14.00
154CM
1.05
0.5
14.0
4.0
58 – 62
ATS34
1.05
0.40
14.00
4.0
58
ATS-55
1.00
0.50
14.00
0.60
0.40
60
VG-10
0.95-1.05
0.50
14.50-15.50
0.10-0.30
0.90-1.20
1.30-1.50
58
BG-42
1.15
0.50
14.50
1.20
4.00
58 – 61
MBS-26
0.85-1.00
0.30-0.60
13.00-15.00
0.15-0.25
MRS-30
1.12
0.50
14.00
0.25
0.60
CPM420V
2.20
13.00
9.00
1.00
CPM440V
2.15
0.40
17.00
5.50
0.40
57 – 58
CPM-S30V
1.45
14.00
4.00
2.00
CPM-S60V
2.15
0.40
17.00
5.50
0.40
55 – 58
CPM-S90V
2.30
14.00
9.00
1.00
56 – 58
RWL34
1.05
0.50
14.00
0.20
4.00
X-15 TN
0.42
0.46
15.55
0.30
0.29
1.70
58
ZDP-189
3.00
20.00
63 – 67
COWRY-X
3.00
20.00
0.30
1.00
63 – 67
COWRY-Y
1.20
14.00
1.00
3.00
61 – 64
20-CV
1.90
0.30
20.00
4.00
1.00
0.60
Stellite 6K
1.90
2.00
32.00
3.00
1.50
4.50
64.00
Talonite 6BH
0.90 – 1.40
2.00
28.0 – 32.0
3.00
1.50
4.50
64.00
Steel
Carbon
(C) %
Manganese
(Mn) %
Chromium
(Cr) %
Nickel
(Ni) %
Vanadium
(V) %
Molybdenum
(Mo) %
Tungsten
(W) %
Cobalt
(Co) %
Typical Hardness

 

Non Stainless Steel
Steel
Carbon
(C)
 %
Manganese
(Mn) %
Chromium
(Cr) %
Nickel
(Ni) %
Vanadium
(V) %
Molybdenum
(Mo) %
Tungsten
(W) %
Cobalt
(Co) %
Typical Hardness
H-1
0.15
2.00
14.00-16.00
6.00-8.00
0.50-1.50
O-1
0.85 – 1.00
1.00 – 1.40
0.40 – 0.60
0.30
0.30
W-1
0.70-1.50
0.10-0.40
0.15
0.20
0.10
0.10
0.50
W-2
0.85-1.50
0.10-0.40
0.15
0.20
0.15-0.35
0.10
0.15
1095
0.90-1.03
0.30-0.50
59
5160
0.56-0.64
0.75-1.00
0.70-0.90
52100
.98-1.10
.25-.45
1.30-1.60
A-2
0.95-1.05
1.00
4.75-5.50
0.30
0.15-0.50
0.90-1.40
D-2
1.40-1.60
0.60
11.00-13.00
0.30
1.10
0.70-1.20
58 – 61
G-2
0.9
0.6
15.5
0.3
M-2
0.95-1.05
0.15-0.40
3.75-4.50
0.30
2.25-2.75
4.75-6.50
5.00-6.75
L-6
0.65-0.75
0.25-0.80
0.60-1.20
1.25-2.00
0.20-0.30
0.50
CPM 1V
0.55
4.5
1.0
2.75
2.15
56 – 59
CPM 3V
0.80
7.50
2.75
1.30
58 – 60
CPM 9V
1.8
0.5
5.25
9.0
1.3
53 – 56
CPM 10V
2.45
0.50
5.25
9.75
1.30
58 – 62
CPM 15V
3.4
0.5
5.25
14.5
1.3
59 – 62
Hitachi Blue Super Steel
1.40-1.50
0.20-0.30
0.30-0.50
0.50
0.30-0.50
2.00-2.50
Hitachi Shirogami 1
1.30
0.20
WASCOWEAR
1.12
0.30
7.75
2.40
1.60
1.10
SK4
1.00
0.50
Steel
Carbon
(C) %
Manganese
(Mn) %
Chromium
(Cr) %
Nickel
(Ni) %
Vanadium
(V) %
Molybdenum
(Mo) %
Tungsten
(W) %
Cobalt
(Co) %
Typical Hardness

 


Junkyard

Item
Steel
Railroad Spikes 1030
Wire cable/Plow steel 1065
Wire cable/Improved plow steel 1075
Wire cable/Extra improved plow steel 1095
Leaf springs 5160
Car coil springs 5160
Files W1 or W2 or 1095
Saw Blades L6, many are High Carbon Steel.
Air hammer bits S5
Bearing races 52100, many Case Hardened 8620.
Ball bearings 52100
High speed steel drill rod M2
Drill rod W1
Lawnmower blades 5160 or 5150
Gun barrels 4140
   

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